عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The current investigation was aimed toward standardization of learning environment perceptions survey (PES-HS). Method: Four-hundred students (204 female and 196 male) were selected through multi-stage stratified sampling method. Students completed the Farsi version of PES-HS. The exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency were used to compute the PES-HS factorial validity and reliability, respectively.The results of principle component analysis (PC) and voarimax rotation replicated the five-factor structure of the PES-HS. Based on item content, factors were named Engagement, Membership, Authenticity, Ownership and Support. Based on linear Structural Relations (LISREL) software, Goodness-of-fit indices of confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the 5 extracted factors. The multidimensional Scales of PES-HS were shown to be an acceptable measurement model in this sample.Cronbach''s alpha coefficients for the five factors of the PES-HS were learning environment perceptions for Iranian students.
Keywords: Standardization, Learning environment perceptions survey, Validity, Reliability.ranged from 0.74 to 0.89.Conclusion: PES-HS is a