تأثیر همدلی در رشد اجتماعی کودکان پیش‌دبستانی: نقش میانجی کفایت اجتماعی

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری،روانشناسی عمومی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

10.22111/jeps.2021.5894

چکیده

رشد اجتماعی بعنوان بخش مهمی از فرآیند تحول اثرات مثبت و منفی بسیاری بر سلامت‌روان کودکان دارد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف شناسایی اثرات همدلی در رشد اجتماعی کودکان پیش‌دبستانی با تأکید بر نقش میانجی کفایت اجتماعی انجام شد.
روش‌کار: طرح مطالعه حاضر توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه‌آماری پژوهش شامل کودکان پیش‌دبستانی شهر تهران سال 1398 بود که تعداد 370 کودک به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. به منظور گردآوری‌ داده‌ها از مقیاس رشد اجتماعی واینلند (1953)، پرسشنامه همدلی بریانت (1982) و پرسشنامه کفایت اجتماعی بلینی (2007) که از اعتبار و پایایی قابل قبولی برخوردارند استفاده شده، به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری به کار گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: همدلی بر رشد اجتماعی و کفایت اجتماعی کودکان پیش‌دبستانی تأثیر مستقیم
(β=0.24; p <0.001). و بر رشد اجتماعی کودکان با نقش میانجی کفایت اجتماعی تأثیر غیرمستقیم (β=0.12; p <0.02). همچنین کفایت اجتماعی نیز با رشد اجتماعی آن‌ها اثر مستقیم
(β=0.43; p <0.001) و شاخص‌های برازندگی مدل نشان داد که مدل از برازش مناسبی برخوردار می‌باشد.
نتیجه‌گیری متغیرهای همدلی و کفایت اجتماعی در رشد اجتماعی کودکان پیش‌دبستانی موثر بوده، می‌تواند در قالب مهارت‌های پایه‌ای در آموزش رسمی و مهارت‌های فرزندپروری به منظور پیشگیری و درمان مشکلات بین فردی به کار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of empathy on the social development of preschool children: The mediating role of social adequacy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasireh Moghaddam Far 1
  • Reza Ghorban Jahromi 2
  • Bita Nasrollahi 2
  • Fariborz Bagheri 3
1 PhD Student, General Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Faculty Member, Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of psychology,faculty of Humanities, Univercity of Azad, Science and Research, tehran,Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction. Social development as an important part of the transformation process has many positive and negative impacts on children's mental health. The study, by emphasis on the mediating role of social competence, was done to identify the impacts of empathy on social development of preschool children.
Method. The present study design was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population included Tehran’s preschool children in 2019 which 370 children were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. Vineland (1953) Social Growth Scale, Bryant Empathy Questionnaire (1982) and Bellini Social Satisfaction Questionnaire (2007) with acceptable validity and reliability were used to collect data. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze data.
Findings. The empathy had a direct impact on social development and social competence (β=0.24; p < 0.001) and an indirect impact on social development of children with a mediating role of social competence (β=0.12; p < 0.02). Also, social competence had a direct impact on their social growth (β=0.43; p < 0.001) and the fit indices showed that the model had a good fit.
Result. The variables of empathy and social competence are effective in the social development and can be used in basic form of skills in formal education and parenting skills to prevent and treat interpersonal problems.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Empathy
  • Social Development
  • Social Adequacy
  • Preschool Children
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