رابطه بین تجربه شیفتگی(فلو) و نیروهای انگیزشی در دانش آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 استادیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

3 رئیس دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

 هدف پژوهش حاضر، تعیین رابطه بین تجربه شیفتگی و نیروهای انگیزشی در دانش آموزان بود. بدین منظور 186 دانش آموز (88 پسر و 98 دختر) در مقطع سوم دبیرستان، از دبیرستان های سطح شهر جناح به صورت نمونه گیری طبقه ای تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل: مقیاس تجربه شیفتگی، پرسشنامه انتظار-ارزش، مقیاس نیازهای بنیادی روانشناختی و مقیاس چشم انداز زمان آینده بود. برای بررسی سوالات پژوهش، از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون گام به گام استفاده شده است. یافته ها نشان داد که خودتعیین گری و انتظار-ارزش  رابطه  مثبت و معنی داری با تجربه شیفتگی دارد؛ اما بین شیفتگی و چشم انداز زمان آینده همبستگی معنی داری مشاهده نشد. نتایج حاصل از رگرسیون گام به گام نیز نشان داد که، در گام اول، مولفۀ اهداف روشن، در گام دوم، اهداف روشن و متمرکز شدن، و در گام سوم، سه مولفۀ اهداف روشن، متمرکز شدن و بازخورد بدون ابهام، در پیش بینی خودتعیین گری نقش داشتند. همچنین، مولفۀ احساس کنترل13 % تغییرات  انتظار-ارزش و مولفۀ از دست دادن خودآگاهی 4 % از  تغییرات چشم انداز زمان آینده را پیش بینی می کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Flow and Motivational forces in Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • fariba faghihi 1
  • Afsane Marziyeh 2
  • Hossein Jenaabadi 3
چکیده [English]

The aim of the current study was to investigate the realationship between flow and motivational forces. Data were collected from 186 students in third grade high school of janah high school, were chosen through stratifield random sampling. The following Scale and questionnaires were used: Flow State Scale, Expectancy-value questionnaire, Basic psychological Needs Scale, and Future Time Perspective Scale. To investigate the research questions, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and stepwise regression were used. The result showed the self determination and Expecctancy-value had a positive significant relation with flow experience, but there was no significant relation between flow and future time perspective. The results obtained from stepwise regression analysis showed that in the first step, component clear goals, in the second step, clear goals and concentration on task, and in the third step, three components clear goals, concentration and unambiguous feedback have role in predicting self determination. Also omponent sense of control predicted, 13% of the variance of the Expecctancy-value and Component loss of self-consciousness predicted 4% of the variance of the future time perspective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Flow
  • Expectancy-value theory
  • self determination theory
  • Future time perspective

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